What Is The Potential Short And Long Term Effects On A Fetus Of: Phthalates, Alcohol, Tobacco, Toxoplasmosis, Mercury?

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Even while inside the womb, a fetus is already exposed to certain dangers that can affect his health. 'for instance, mothers who are exposed to harmful chemical emitted by certain industries can affect their growth as well. Even the kind of lifestyle that mothers live have a lot do with a fetus' life. For instance, exposure to chemicals such as mercury, phthalates, alcohol, tobacco and toxoplasmosis can have adverse effects on their lives while still in the womb.

Primarily found in PVC pipes used in plastic toys, too much exposure to phthalates can potentially cause male fetuses to be feminized. Studies revealed that boys whose mothers are heavily exposed to this chemical grow to have larger nipples. Their distance of their genitals to the anus is a lot shorter just like those in girls.

Doctors always prohibit the use of alcohol and smoking among pregnant mothers because of their ill effects on babies. Accordingly, babies whose mothers are alcoholic and smokers have low birth weight and a much smaller size. Likewise, there are infants who suffer from mental retardation and congenital heart disease.

Toxoplasmosis is a kind of infection that comes from cat. Pregnant mothers who have it may transfer the infection to their babies while even inside the womb. When this happens, babies born with congenital toxoplasmosis are unusually smaller while others are born prematurely.

Exposure to mercury can be very hazardous especially with a pregnant woman. This highly potent chemical can cause a lot of damage to the unborn if mothers are exposed to it frequently during their pregnancy. Consequently, babies born with higher mercury levels in their bodies suffer from neurological problems such as mental retardation. Others have lower intelligence and learning disabilities.

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