What Nutrients Do Beets Contain?


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1. The use of sugar beet stems and leaves
The stems and leaves of sugar beet is the ideal juicy green feed, in addition to the general requirements contained livestock nutrients, but also rich in carotene, can supplement the feed of vitamin A deficiency, to increase their dairy products in the vitamin A content of . Their nutritional composition shown in Table 14-2. Beet stems and leaves can also serve as fertilizer to field, soil fertility, increase soil organic matter content.
2. The use of cabbages
Beet root moisture 75%, solids 25%. Solid sucrose accounted for 16% ~ 18%, non-sugar substances accounted for 7% ~ 9%. The non-sugar substances are divided into two types soluble and insoluble: Not soluble non-sugars are mainly cellulose, hemi cellulose, pectin and protein in the original; soluble non-sugar, divided into inorganic and organic non-sugar, non-sugar. Inorganic non-sugars are mainly potassium, sodium, magnesium and other salts; organic non-sugar can be further divided into nitrogenous and non-nitrogen. Nitrogen-free sugar with non-fat, pectin, reducing sugars and organic acids; nitrogen-containing non-sugar is further divided into protein and non-protein. Mainly refers to non-protein non-sugar, betaine, amide and amino acids. Beet sugar industry by-products are mainly root in about 3.5% of sugar and 7.5% of the non-sugar substances as well as in processing input and discharge of other non-sugar substances.
Beta vulgar is flowers and fleshy edible root hand drawing ① beet pulp. In the sugar process, sugar beet root residue remaining after extraction by the strips processed into beet pulp. Usually, processing 1 tonne of sugar beet root it will also produce 0.9 tons of beet pulp. Beet pulp contains 93% water, about 7% of the dry matter. Dry matter is rich in various types of amino acids, vitamins and trace elements, are pigs, cattle feed ideal. Their contents shown in Table 14-3. Beet pulp by the double helix (or single screw) and then squeeze through the drying press machine made of dry sugar beet.
Dry meal. Because beet dry meal carbohydrate content, starch value and the total digestible nutrients, hence can be used for concentrated feed. And due to less protein, fat high-calorie, refined and high-protein feed and fodder used in conjunction with an adjustable high-protein nutritional balance, taste sweet, is ideal for cattle feed. Should be soaked in water before use, or easy to cause abdominal distension of livestock. To improve the nutritional value beet dry cake can be added in the dry meal in molasses and other nutrients, made beet molasses-type or nutrient-based pellet. Beet sugar beet pellet is the use of dry cake made further processed. Their nutritional composition and value meal and sugar beet dry the same, but it is more convenient packaging transportation and management. Since the 20th century, 80 years, China's beet pellet production developed rapidly, output has reached more than 10 million tons. At present most of the domestic beet sugar beet with a pellet production line.
② the production and use of pectin. Sugar beet in the cellulose and hemi cellulose because they do not dissolve in water, so the process is not at the Baptist moved into syrup of sugar to remain in the pom ace in. Protein, ash, saponin, etc. Are mostly within the left in the pom ace. Pectin and cellulose alone in a state of chemical combination, to a certain temperature and acidic or alkaline conditions, can be hydrolyzed into a soluble glial fruit into juice, after cleaning and crystallization of an impact on hazardous substances. Therefore, in the sugar process, by controlling the temperature dip sugar, more than 90% can remain in the beet pulp in the pectin. Extraction of Pectin from beet pulp in the process is relatively simple, about beet pulp heat, hydrolysis, and then to make pectin and the residue will be separated to produce the primary pectin. Primary pectic cement, plaster furnace ash mixed silicate foam products can be produced, to the construction industry for thermal insulation materials, technical requirements, and thus lower costs. The technique is simple and easy to operate and is conducive to environmental protection and a good prospect.
③ molasses production and carbon dioxide utilization. In the sugar produced in the process of low-grade molasses, can no longer return to boiling sugar, molasses is called molasses such, its production of sugar beet processing capacity of 4%. First, those who produce fermentation products using starch as raw materials produced by fermentation products, most can use molasses Preparation. Since molasses prices are low, the product value is high; good economic returns, there is currently China's beet sugar are the use of molasses fermentation products. The main products are: Alcohol, organic solvents (such as acetone, butanol and ethanol, etc.), glycerol, yeast, glutamic acid, monosodium glutamate, citric acid and so on. The second is to feed, because molasses contains sugar, a variety of vitamins, amino acids and some trace elements, can be used artificial animal feed. Any increase appetite, help digestion, improve the cows lactating cows, promote metabolism and physical development and so on.
3. Fodder beet
It is the ordinary common beet sugar beet group is one of the four variants. Fodder beet is a specialized, as cattle, pigs use feed crops, root of the sugar content low, usually only 5 to 10 degrees, but the higher yield can reach 60 ~ 80 tons / ha. Larger cultivated in Europe. And there is a special agency engaged in fodder beet fodder beet breeding varieties of scientific research. To avoid beet sugar mills have suffered losses, some European countries provides fodder beet and sugar beet root skin color should be differentiated. Therefore, breeding of fodder beet workers will color gene into fodder beet root bark, so that now we can see the roots of fodder beet with a variety of colors, such as light red, light pink, golden yellow, light yellow and so on.
Fodder beet root, mostly cylindrical, two-thirds of the shoot. Fewer leaves. Root groove shallow, smooth, harvest with little soil. As root, in addition to containing some sugar, but also includes the maintenance of animals required for normal growth and development of various vitamins and carbohydrates, fats and mineral salts, so it is a higher nutritional value of juicy fodder. It as a forage crop in the country has good prospects of development. Especially with the improvement of living standards of our people, milk consumption will significantly increase and will lead the development of dairy industry, so fodder beet development prospect is broad. In addition, fodder beet, or a rare genetic resources. To use its good root-shaped cross breeding with the smooth and the root of sugar beet breeding (breeding the root ball), or use its high-yield gene breeding high-yield material. At present, China is no specialized research institutions. Only a small amount of domestic cultivation of individual districts. Species are quoted from abroad, mainly the former Soviet Union.
4. Leaf beet
Commonly known as thick-skinned vegetables. Leaves hypertrophy, well-developed leaves, petiole length thick. Has a strong summer of resistance and cold hardiness. It can be used as food or as medicinal herbs and vegetables and fodder.
Leaf beet from the Near East coast of sugar beet (separated out, and later spread to Europe, India and China. It is the earliest domestication cultivation of a sugar beet, it was held to be about 4,000 years ago, in Mesopotamia Damien Asia, the first a primitive type of leaf beet can be cultivated by. Around the fifth century into our country from the Arab. Leaf beet in China are mainly distributed in the Yangtze River, Yellow River and southwest planting. China's leaf beet has been tentatively divided into 5 types: White leaf beet, green leaf beet, leaf beet season, Volume Ye YE beet and red beet leaves. At present, leaf beet in individual areas are still cultivated as a vegetable. In addition, leaf beet due to with anti-brown spot nature of resistance, so in sugar beet or fodder beet breeding is often used. However, leaf beet other economic potential has yet to be research and development.
5. Consumption of sugar beet
Commonly known as red beet. Roots and leaves of purple, so also known as flame cooking. Edible roots. Similar to the large radish, raw slightly sweet and can be interspersed in the salad as a garnish, or as a carving dish of raw materials, the color is very bright; also do soup dishes. The former Soviet Union as a vegetable in many countries there is still a large area cultivation. In addition, can also serve as ornamental plants. Consumption of sugar beet remains to be the economic potential of the other research, development.
Ancient Western medicinal use of sugar beet to do, the ancient Roman Empire beet treatment of constipation and fever, beet leaves wrapped traumatic. Because beet juice containing boron, the ancient aphrodisiac in Europe to do with it.

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